August 1997 - The National Agency for Energy Regulation (ANRE) was established in 1997 by the GoM Resolution #767 as a permanent authority of public administration acting as a legal entity and not subordinated to any other public or private authority, except for the cases provided by the legislation.
The Agency regulates the economic and commercial activities in the energy, natural gas and petroleum products sectors, issuing licences, promoting an appropriate tariff policy and consumer rights protection.
In its activity the Agency is guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, Electricity Law, Gas Law, Energy Law, Regulation of the National Agency for Energy Regulation and other legislative and normative acts of the Republic of Moldova.
September 1997- September 1998 - the period of establishment of ANRE, hiring the personnel, development and promotion of legislation necessary for activity of ANRE and power and natural gas sectors, period of utilities' reorganization and establishment of joint-stock companies.
September 1998 - Parliament of the Republic of Moldova approved the Electricity Law and Gas Law, governing the ANRE activity in state regulation of generation, transmission, dispatch, distribution and supply of electricity and natural gas within the territory of the country.
June 1999 - Government of the Republic of Moldova approved the Regulation of the National Agency for Energy Regulation.
1998–2000 - ANRE has directed its efforts to develop a regulatory system of power sector activities in Moldova, developing and implementing normative acts necessary for license issuance, approval and application of tariffs, performance of control over licensees' activity, consumer protection rights and resolution of consumer disputes. ANRE has begun its activity in tariff policy-related issues subsequent to approval of Government Resolution no. 41 from 16 January 1998, that vested ANRE with the right to set electricity, heat and gas tariffs, later on this activity was facilitated by approval of Electricity Law and Gas Law by the Parliament in September 1998. Regulation of tariffs for natural gas, electricity and heat produced by the local CHPs has been one of the main and most difficult function of ANRE during the mentioned period.
1999 - the function of setting tariffs for heat supply for "Termocom" and the former "Termocomenergo" is transferred to Chisinau municipality and local public authorities, taking over the CHPs.
2001 - according to Law on certain types of activity and Law on petroleum products market the right to issue licenses for the activities in the mentioned field was transferred from Ministry of Finance to ANRE.
2002 – ANRE starts the activity of issuance of licenses for the activities on petroleum products market.